Module: Hanami::Helpers::HtmlHelper

Included in:
FormHelper, LinkToHelper
Defined in:
gems/gems/hanami-helpers-1.3.0/lib/hanami/helpers/html_helper.rb,
gems/gems/hanami-helpers-1.3.0/lib/hanami/helpers/html_helper/html_node.rb,
gems/gems/hanami-helpers-1.3.0/lib/hanami/helpers/html_helper/text_node.rb,
gems/gems/hanami-helpers-1.3.0/lib/hanami/helpers/html_helper/html_builder.rb,
gems/gems/hanami-helpers-1.3.0/lib/hanami/helpers/html_helper/html_fragment.rb

Overview

HTML builder

By including Hanami::Helpers::HtmlHelper it will inject one private method: html. This is a HTML5 markup builder.

Features:

  • Support for complex markup without the need of concatenation

  • Auto closing HTML5 tags

  • Custom tags

  • Content tag auto escape (XSS protection)

  • Support for view local variables

Usage:

  • It knows how to close tags according to HTML5 spec (1)

  • It accepts content as first argument (2)

  • It accepts another builder as first argument (3)

  • It accepts content as block which returns a string (4)

  • It accepts content as a block with nested markup builders (5)

  • It builds attributes from given hash (6)

  • It combines attributes and block (7)

Examples:

Usage

# 1
html.div # => <div></div>
html.img # => <img>

# 2
html.div('hello') # => <div>hello</div>

# 3
html.div(html.p('hello')) # => <div><p>hello</p></div>

# 4
html.div { 'hello' }
# =>
#<div>
#  hello
#</div>

# 5
html.div do
  p 'hello'
end
# =>
#<div>
#  <p>hello</p>
#</div>

# 6
html.div('hello', id: 'el', 'data-x': 'y') # => <div id="el" data-x="y">hello</div>

# 7
html.div(id: 'yay') { 'hello' }
# =>
#<div id="yay">
#  hello
#</div>

# 8
html do
  li 'Hello'
  li 'Hanami'
end
# =>
#<li>Hello</li>
#<li>Hanami</li>

Complex markup

#
# NOTICE THE LACK OF CONCATENATION BETWEEN div AND input BLOCKS <3
#

html.form(action: '/users', method: 'POST') do
  div do
    label 'First name', for: 'user-first-name'
    input type: 'text', id: 'user-first-name', name: 'user[first_name]', value: 'L'
  end

  input type: 'submit', value: 'Save changes'
end
# =>
#<form action="/users" method="POST" accept-charset="utf-8">
#  <div>
#    <label for="user-first-name">First name</label>
#    <input type="text" id="user-first-name" name="user[first_name]" value="L">
#  </div>
#  <input type="submit" value="Save changes">
#</form>

Custom tags

html.tag(:custom, 'Foo', id: 'next') # => <custom id="next">Foo</custom>
html.empty_tag(:xr, id: 'next')      # => <xr id="next">

Auto escape

html.div('hello')         # => <div>hello</hello>
html.div { 'hello' }      # => <div>hello</hello>
html.div(html.p('hello')) # => <div><p>hello</p></hello>
html.div do
  p 'hello'
end # => <div><p>hello</p></hello>

html.div("<script>alert('xss')</script>")
  # =>  "<div>&lt;script&gt;alert(&apos;xss&apos;)&lt;&#x2F;script&gt;</div>"

html.div { "<script>alert('xss')</script>" }
  # =>  "<div>&lt;script&gt;alert(&apos;xss&apos;)&lt;&#x2F;script&gt;</div>"

html.div(html.p("<script>alert('xss')</script>"))
  # => "<div><p>&lt;script&gt;alert(&apos;xss&apos;)&lt;&#x2F;script&gt;</p></div>"

html.div do
  p "<script>alert('xss')</script>"
end
  # => "<div><p>&lt;script&gt;alert(&apos;xss&apos;)&lt;&#x2F;script&gt;</p></div>"

Basic usage

#
# THE VIEW CAN BE A SIMPLE RUBY OBJECT
#

require 'hanami/helpers'

class MyView
  include Hanami::Helpers::HtmlHelper

  # Generates
  # <aside id="sidebar">
  #    <div>hello</hello>
  #  </aside>
  def sidebar
    html.aside(id: 'sidebar') do
      div 'hello'
    end
  end
end

View context

#
# LOCAL VARIABLES FROM VIEWS ARE AVAILABLE INSIDE THE NESTED BLOCKS OF HTML BUILDER
#

require 'hanami/view'
require 'hanami/helpers'

Book = Struct.new(:title)

module Books
  class Show
    include Hanami::View
    include Hanami::Helpers::HtmlHelper

    def title_widget
      html.div do
        h1 book.title
      end
    end
  end
end

book     = Book.new('The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction')
rendered = Books::Show.render(format: :html, book: book)

rendered
  # => <div>
  #      <h1>The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction</h1>
  #    </div>

See Also:

Since:

  • 0.1.0

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: HtmlBuilder

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#html(&blk) ⇒ Hanami::Helpers::HtmlHelper::HtmlBuilder (private)

Instantiate an HTML builder

Parameters:

Returns:

See Also:

Since:

  • 0.1.0

def html(&blk)
  if block_given?
    HtmlBuilder.new.fragment(&blk)
  else
    HtmlBuilder.new
  end
end